Delhi was an important place for the Mughals, they built palaces and forts here and had the walled city built from 1638 to 1649. After the fall of the Mughal empire in 1857 the British moved the capital of India to Calcutta. The British built modern “New Delhi” to the south west of “Old Delhi” which became India’s capital again in 1931.
Modern Delhi is a mixture of several distinct areas, including: Old Delhi with its wide avenues, grand vistas and colonial mansions; and the Mehrauli Archaeological Park best known for the Qutub Minar.
↑Chandni Chowk or “Moonlit Square”, dates back to the foundation of the city of Shahjahanabad when the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan established the Red Fort on the banks of the River Yamuna beside his newly founded capital city of Shahjahanabad. Even though today Chandni Chowk appears choked with religious and commercial activity, it retains its historical character and is the heart of old Dehli. Built in the 17th century, the market was once divided by canals for water supply and to reflect the moonlight.
Gurdwara Bangla Sahib
↑Gurdwara Bangla Sahib is the most prominent Sikh Gurdwara, or Sikh house of worship, in Delhi. All people, regardless of race or religion may eat in the Gurdwara kitchen, the food having been prepared by a mixture of gursikhs who work there and volunteers.
↑A UNESCO World Heritage site completed in 1572. Humayun was the second Mughal Emporer and this is the first example of a Mughal garden tomb. It is clearly an inspiration for later monuments including the Taj Mahal. It is perfectly symmetrical and truly impressive in terms of its size and intricate stone work.
↑The 42 m high India Gate is the national monument of India. Situated in the heart of New Delhi, it was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens. Originally, a statue of George V, Emperor of India stood under the now vacant canopy in front of the India Gate, but it was removed to Coronation Park together with a number of other British Raj-era statues. Following India’s independence, the India Gate became the site of the Indian Army’s Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.
↑Also in the Qutub complex and close to the Minar is a metallurgical curiosity, the 7m high iron pillar. According to the traditional belief, anyone who can encircle the entire column with their arms, while standing with their back against the pillar, can have their wish granted. The amalgamation of different metals with iron produces a high degree of smoothness and has probably prevented any corrosion.
Lakshmi Narayan Temple
↑The three-storied temple is built in the northern or style of Hindu temple architecture. The entire temple is adorned with carvings depicting the scenes from Hindu mythology. More than a hundred skilled artisans carved the icons of the temple. The construction of temple dedicated to Laxmi Narayana started in 1933, built by industrialist and philanthropist Baldeo Das Birla. One of the earliertst temples without caste restrictions as requested by Mahatma Gandhi.
↑India’s tallest minar, Qutub Minar (Arabic for pole or axis), marks the site of the first muslim kingdom in northern India. Qutub Minar’s construction started in 1192 and is made of red sandstone and marble: it is a UNESCO World Heritage site. The tower has 379 stairs, is 72.5 metres high, and has a base diameter of 14.3 metres, which narrows to 2.7 metres at the top storey.
↑Raj Ghat is a memorial to Mahatma Gandhi. It is a simple black marble platform, often draped with garlands of orange marigolds, that marks the spot of Mahatma Gandhi’s cremation, on 31 January 1948, a day after his assassination. It is left open to the sky while an eternal flame burns perpetually at one end.
↑The Red Fort derives its name from the extensive use of red sandstone on the massive walls that surround the fort. The Moghal Emperor Shah Jahan commissioned the construction of the Red Fort in 1638 when he decided to shift his capital from Agra to Delhi. The fortress palace was an important focal point of the medieval city of Shahjahanabad (present day Old Delhi). It is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Discover the wonderful variety of places to stay in India; including some of the most luxurious hotels in the world, intimate boutique hotels bursting with local character, charming homestays where you’ll have a chance to interact with local families, converted forts & palaces, fabulous lodges and heritage havelis.
Colonel's Retreat - Delhi
The Claridges - Delhi
The Imperial - Delhi
Below are a selection of our favourite sample itineraries that we have created based on our experiences of travelling extensively throughout India. As with all our tours, every aspect can be tailor-made to your individual requirements.
Airports: Indira Gandhi International Airport.
Terminal 1 domestic airport for GoAir, IndiGo and SpiceJet. Situated 4.7miles from main International Airport.
Local Language: Hindi
Fun Fact: New Delhi’s Khari Baoli Market is Asia’s largest wholesome spice market. It also might be the largest in the world. If you love spiced food, then this market is a must visit.